Managing Groups

A group in OpenNebula makes it possible to isolate users and resources. A user can see and use the shared resources from other users.

The group is an authorization boundary for the users, but you can also partition your cloud infrastructure and define what resources are available to each group using Virtual Data Centers (VDC). You can read more about OpenNebula’s approach to VDCs and the cloud from the perspective of different user roles in the Understanding OpenNebula guide.

Adding and Deleting Groups

There are two special groups created by default. The oneadmin group allows any user in it to perform any operation, allowing different users to act with the same privileges as the oneadmin user. The users group is the default group where new users are created.

Your can use the onegroup command line tool to manage groups in OpenNebula. There are two groups created by default, oneadmin and users.

To create new groups:

onegroup list
  ID NAME
   0 oneadmin
   1 users
onegroup create "new group"
ID: 100

The new group has ID 100 to differentiate the special groups from the user-defined ones.

Note

When a new group is created, an ACL rule is also created to provide the default behavior, allowing users to create basic resources. You can learn more about ACL rules in this guide; but you don’t need any further configuration to start using the new group.

Adding Users to Groups

Use the oneuser chgrp command to assign users to groups.

oneuser chgrp -v regularuser "new group"
USER 1: Group changed
onegroup show 100
GROUP 100 INFORMATION
ID             : 100
NAME           : new group

USERS
ID              NAME
1               regularuser

To delete a user from a group, just move it again to the default users group.

Admin Users and Allowed Resources

Upon group creation, a special admin user account can be defined. This admin user will have administrative privileges only for the new group, not for all the resources in the OpenNebula cloud as the ‘oneadmin’ group users have.

Another aspect that can be controlled on creation time is the type of resources that group users will be allowed to create.

This can be managed visually in Sunstone, and can also be managed through the CLI. In the latter, details of the group are passed to the onegroup create command as arguments. This table lists the description of said arguments.

Argument M / O Value Description
-n, –name name Mandatory Any string Name for the new group
-u, –admin_user Optional Any string Creates an admin user for the group with the given name
-p, –admin_password Optional Any string Password for the admin user of the group
-d, –admin_driver Optional Any string Auth driver for the admin user of the group
-r, –resources Optional “+” separated list Which resources can be created by group users (VM+IMAGE+TEMPLATE by default)

An example:

onegroup create --name groupA \
--admin_user admin_userA --admin_password somestr \
--resources TEMPLATE+VM

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Add Admin Users to an Existing Group

Any user can be configured to be Admin of a group with the commands onegroup addadmin and deladmin.

manage_groups_2

Managing Groups and Virtual Resources

You can make the following virtual resources available to group users:

To make a virtual resource owned by oneadmin available to users of the new group, you have two options:

  • Change the resource’s group, and give it GROUP USE permissions. This will make the resource only available to users in that group. The recommended practice to assign golden resources to groups is to first clone the resource and then assign it to the desired group for their users’ consumption.
  • Leave the resource in the oneadmin group, and give it OTHER USE permissions. This will make the resource available to every user in OpenNebula.

prepare-tmpl-chgrp

The Virtual Machine and Service Templates are visible to the group users when they want to create a new VM or Service. The Images (including File Images) used by those Templates are not visible to the users, but must be also made available, otherwise the VM creation will fail with an error message similar to this one:

[TemplateInstantiate] User [6] : Not authorized to perform USE IMAGE [0].

You can read more about OpenNebula permissions in the Managing Permissions and Managing ACL Rules guides.

Resource Sharing

When a new group is created the cloud administrator can define if the users of this view will be allowed to view the VMs and Services of other users in the same group. If this option is checked a new ACL rule will be created to give users in this group access to the VMS and Services in the same group. Users will not able to manage these resources but they will be included in the list views of each resource.

cloud_resource_sharing

Primary and Secondary Groups

With the commands oneuser addgroup and delgroup the administrator can add or delete secondary groups. Users assigned to more than one group will see the resources from all their groups. e.g. a user in the groups testing and production will see VMs from both groups.

The group set with chgrp is the primary group, and resources (Images, VMs, etc) created by a user will belong to this primary group. Users can change their primary group to any of their secondary group without the intervention of an administrator, using chgrp again.

Group-wise Configuration Attributes

When a group is created you can define specific configuration aspects for the group users. These include:

  • Sunstone. Allow users and group admins to access specific views. The configuration attributes are stored in the group template in the SUNSTONE attribute:
Attribute Description
DEFAULT_VIEW Default Sunstone view for regular users
VIEWS List of available views for regular users
GROUP_ADMIN_DEFAULT_VIEW Default Sunstone view for group admin users
GROUP_ADMIN_VIEWS List of available views for the group admins

The views are defined by a comma separated list of group names. By default the following views are defined: groupadmin, cloud, admin, user, admin_vcenter, cloud_vcenter, groupadmin_vcenter

Example:

SUNSTONE = [
  DEFAULT_VIEW = "cloud",
  VIEWS        = "cloud",
  GROUP_ADMIN_DEFAULT_VIEW = "groupadmin",
  GROUP_ADMIN_VIEWS        = "groupadmin,cloud"
]
  • OpenNebula Core. Set specific attributes to control some operations. The configuration attributes are stored in the group template in the OPENNEBULA attribute:
Attribute Description
DEFAULT_IMAGE_PERSISTENT Control the default value for the PERSISTENT attribute on image creation ( clone and disk save-as).
DEFAULT_IMAGE_PERSISTENT_NEW Control the default value for the PERSISTENT attribute on image creation ( only new images).
API_LIST_ORDER Sets order (by ID) of elements in list API calls (e.g. onevm list). Values: ASC (ascending order) or DESC (descending order)

Note

These values can be overwritten for each user by placing the desired values in the user template.

If the values are not set the defaults defined in oned.conf are used.

Example:

OPENNEBULA = [
  DEFAULT_IMAGE_PERSISTENT     = "YES",
  DEFAULT_IMAGE_PERSISTENT_NEW = "NO"
]

Managing Groups in Sunstone

All the described functionality is available graphically using Sunstone:

image3

There is an option to filter all system resources by group. In the user’s menu appear the groups of this user. There’s the option All to see all system resources. When you filter by group, you also change the effective group of the user.

This allows to work more comfortably on projects, by isolating the resources belonging to one group from others.

sunstone_filter

It’s possible to show the filter in the top menu.

filter-view: true